Today is the birthday of most celebrated American author, editor, poet and literary critic Edgar Allan Poe (b. Boston Massachusetts) USA 1809 – 1849) Poe is famous for his lurid tales of the macabre and mystery. He is considered an early pioneer of the short story and the inventor of the detective fiction genre and a contributor to the emerging genre Science fiction.
Orphaned young, Poe was taken in by John and Frances Allan, of Richmond Virginia. He attended the University of Virgina for only one semester as he was short of money. He enlisted in the army but failed as an officers cadet at West Point. He started his literary career with a collection of poems in 1827 (Tamerlane and Other Poems). The poems were credited anonymously to ‘A Bostonian’
Poe spent worked for literary journals and periodicals for the next several years, becoming known for his literary criticism. He lived in several cities including Baltimore, Philadelphia and New York City and it was in Baltimore 1835 he married his 13-year-old cousin Virginia Clemm.
In 1945, his poem The Raven was published too much acclaim and was an instant success. Poe died in 1849 at the age of only 40, the cause is still unknown.
Edgar Allan Poe’s short life is a very interesting one, full of adventures, triumphs and some sadness. His fiction work is considered Gothic and of dark Romanticism. His particular theme include death, decomposition and premature burial. But he also wrote humourous tales, satire and hoaxes, using themes that catered to the public taste of the time. Much more can be read about Poe’s life here and short stories and poems can be read on this excellent site.
Read one of my previous posts about this author and his poem Annabel lee by clicking Poe